44 of the top 100 employers (by Median % Difference) are schools – the Gender Pay Gap is a major issue in education.
Following the release of the Gender Pay Gap data in the UK on 4th April 2018, I decided to carry out some basic analysis of the Education Sector. https://gender-pay-gap.service.gov.uk/
Schools make up the largest proportion of the top 100 highest Median % Difference in hourly pay. Many of the other sectors also have a reputation of being male dominated including Finance and Insurance.
Comparison by Education Type
Boys Independent Schools have the most extreme Gender Pay Gap (31%) of all Education Types followed by Coed schools (24%), both well above the national average of 12%. Girls schools are biased towards women compared to the national average with women earning on average 14% better (in terms of % difference) than the national average. Compared to Independent Schools, Academies have a far higher average Gender Pay Gap with women earning 9% less in Academies compared to Independent schools.
The Median % Difference is higher than Mean % Difference for all schools due to teachers making up the largest proportion of the workforce. Coupled with the automatic annual increase given to most teachers, this ensures a positive skew for the spread of pay. Put simply, in contrast to most other employment sectors, schools have a large number of teachers earning more than most other people employed in the school.
Gender of Workforce
For General Secondary Education on average, men make up 29% of the workforce whilst women 71%, and women earn on average 27% less than men. Academies have the lowest proportion of men in the workforce of 25% on average with Boys Independent schools having the largest male proportion of any Education Type. These are all dwarfed by Airport and Airlines with 63% of their workforce being male.
Gender of Headteachers
For the 155 Independent schools identified in the Gender Pay Gap data, 25% of Independent school head teachers are women, 71% men.
Top 10 – Highest Gender Pay Gap – Independent Schools
The Royal Hospital School has the largest gender pay gap of all schools, it is ranked 13th out of 10655 employers. A more detailed breakdown of The Royal Hospital School can be found below. At The Royal Hospital School women earn 66% less than men, this is 6 times the national average for all employers and 3 times the average for independent schools. The top 10 independent schools each have a Gender Pay Gap 3 times larger than the average independent school.
Girls Independent Schools bias women, with 7 of the bottom 10 being occupied by Girls Schools. All the schools in the bottom 10, men earn between 47% and 9% less than women.
Top 10 – Highest Gender Pay Gap – Secondary Education
The Sussex Learning Trust has the highest gender pay gap of any secondary education employer of nearly 63%. The Top 10 secondary education employers by Median % Difference all have women earning more than 58% less than men.
Explore the Interactive Map – Independent Schools
The Royal Hospital School
Very few women (35%) earn in the top quartile at The Royal Hospital School whilst 88% of the lowest quartile is women (88%).
Comparison – Top Quartile
Girls Independent Schools have the highest proportion of women in the top quartile comparable only to Clothing Retailers who have 65% of the top quartile consisting of women. The lowest proportion of women in the top quartile are Boys Independent Schools. Overall, Colleges and Independent Schools have the most equal average balance of all education types of 37% men and 63% women.
Comparison – Lowest Quartile
Women provide the largest proportion (75%) of the lowest quartile for all education types. Boys Independent Schools have the lowest proportion of women with 67%. Across all education types women make up the majority of the lowest quartile of pay. Academies have the largest proportion of women in the lowest quartile (83%).
Important to remember
Only organisations employing over 250 employees were required to submit their data, as a many schools weren’t required to publish.
The structure of chains of academies and trusts means it’s hard to sometimes hard to identify single schools as trusts may have 10’s of schools as part of their partnership.
Equal pay means that men and women in the same employment performing equal work must receive equal pay, as set out in the Equality Act 2010.
None of this means women are paid less for the same job but instead that women in schools most often don’t occupy the highest paid jobs.
This data raises big questions about society – Why is it that women are less likely to be headteachers in independent schools? Why do women make up the highest proportion of lowest paid jobs and the smallest proportion of highest pay in education? Why are women more likely to earn more in girls independent schools and men in boys independent schools?